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Introduction to installation of PVC sheet flooring

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Introduction to installation of PVC sheet flooring

PVC片材地板的安装简介

The standards quoted in this installation are German DIN18365, DIN18560, BS DIN14259, DIN18202, EN1372, EN1373, TKB-7, TKB-8, TKB-9, BEB specifications and other German related ground and floor installation procedures.

本安装简介所引用标准为德国DIN18365、DIN18560、BS DIN14259、DIN18202、EN1372、EN1373、TKB-7、TKB-8、TKB-9、BEB规范等德国相关地面与地板安装规程。

Construction environment and grassroots requirements:

Air temperature:

≥ 18 ℃

relative humidity of air:

40 ~ 70%

Surface temperature:

≥ 15 ℃

moisture content of base layer:

≤3.5% (reinforced concrete)

≤2% (cement mortar and fine stone concrete)

≤ 1.8% (heating ground)

The moisture content is CM method, which does not mean absolute moisture content.

Ground flatness:

2 m ≤ 2mm

base bond tensile strength:

≥ 1. 0Mpa


There shall be no problems such as cracking and hollowing on the ground, and no substances affecting the bond strength shall appear.

地面不得出现开裂、空鼓等问题,不得出现任何影响粘结强度的物质。

If the ground level does not meet the requirements, corresponding treatment must be carried out.

如果基层地面不符合要求,必须进行相应的处理。


preparation:

现场准备:


1. all cracks are repaired by reactive resin + corrugated steel sheet according to the TKB-8. it is strictly forbidden to use cement-based materials for repair.

(It is recommended to use special SP429 crack repair resin + special anti-crack steel sheet)

所有的裂缝依据TKB-8所述,采用反应性树脂+波纹钢片的方案予以修复,严禁使用水泥基材料修补。(推荐使用特朋SP429裂缝修补树脂+特朋抗裂钢片)


2. if the moisture content exceeds the standard, the epoxy moisture prevention film must be constructed. Moisture-proof is not waterproof. water-proof refers to liquid water. moisture-proof refers to gaseous water. it is completely different. js waterproof mortar or water-based epoxy can not be used as ground moisture-proof material. Wet heating floor can not be constructed epoxy moisture-proof film.

含水率超标,必须施工环氧树脂防潮膜。防潮不是防水,防水指液态水,防潮指气态水,完全不同,不可以使用JS防水砂浆或者水性环氧作为地面防潮材料。潮湿的采暖地面不可以施工环氧树脂防潮膜。


3. the bond tensile strength of the base layer is ≥ 1. 0Mpa. if the sand is started on the ground, epoxy resin penetration agent must be used for immersion penetration hardening treatment. It is strictly forbidden to use inorganic "concrete hardening agent" for ground strengthening treatment.

基层的粘结拉伸强度≥1.0Mpa,如果地面起砂,必须使用环氧树脂渗透剂做浸渍渗透硬化处理。严禁使用无机类“混凝土硬化剂”做地面强化处理。


4. the flatness of the base layer is not enough, and cement self-leveling needs to be constructed. Self-leveling cement is very important! After the completion of the cement self-leveling, the bond drawing strength with the ground must exceed ≥ 1.0Mpa. Please pay attention to the "maximum construction thickness at one time" indicator in the cement self-leveling product specification used. Cement self-leveling taboo construction twice. The interface agent should not use sticky products.

基层平整度不够,需要施工水泥自流平。水泥自流平至关重要!完工后的水泥自流平,与地面的粘结拉拔强度必须超过≥1.0Mpa。请注意所用水泥自流平产品说明书中的“一次最大施工厚度”指标。水泥自流平忌讳两遍施工。界面剂切忌使用有粘性的产品。


Choice of auxiliary materials:

辅材的选择:


1. the absorbent base layer must choose a water-based interface agent without viscosity and high TG value. it is not possible to use a viscous interface agent. The choice of boundary agent for non-absorbent grass-roots layer is more complicated and needs a case discussion. The interface agent must be rolled and painted. One vertical and one horizontal calculation brush the interface agent.

吸收性基层,必须选择无粘性、高tg值的水性界面剂,不可以使用有粘性的界面剂。非吸收性基层的界面剂选择较为复杂,需要一案一议。界面剂必须滚涂涂刷。一纵一横算涂刷一遍界面剂。

2. self-leveling must meet the bond drawing strength of 0Mpa. many self-leveling is only a high surface strength, and the bond drawing strength with the base layer is very poor, which needs attention.

自流平必须符合1.0Mpa的粘结拉拔强度,很多自流平仅仅是表面强度高,与基层的粘结拉拔强度很差,需要注意。


3. The pressure resistance and bending strength of self-leveling are determined according to the use environment. Generally speaking, the self-leveling of C20 and F6 levels is enough in the office environment. Generally, self-leveling made in China has no problem in compressive strength and low bending strength.

自流平的抗压和抗折强度,根据使用环境确定。一般办公环境而言,C20、F6级别的自流平足够了。一般国产自流平,抗压强度都没有问题,抗折强度较低。


4. please pay attention to the leveling thickness of the self-leveling! Most common self-leveling, with a leveling thickness of more than 3mm at a time, will cause cracking problems. Please ask for technical advice on ground repair and thick leveling.

请注意自流平的一次找平厚度!常见的大多数自流平,一次找平厚度超过3mm,就会出现开裂的问题。地面修补和厚层找平,请征询技术意见。


5. according to the EU EN434 standard, the PVC sheet must not shrink more than 0.25%, which is a free contraction in the non-paste state. The adhesive has a standard of shear strength, that is, the high-quality adhesive can reduce the shrinkage of the floor. please pay attention to it. In particular, large-size sheets and wood grain sheets require higher shear strength for adhesives.

依据欧盟EN434标准,PVC片材收缩不得超过0.25%,这是非粘贴状态下的自由收缩。粘合剂有一个剪切强度标准,也就是优质粘合剂可以减小地板的收缩,请务必留意。尤其大尺寸的片材和木纹片材,对粘合剂的剪切强度要求更高。

The picture above shows the gap after the floor shrinks, which is very ugly.

上图即为地板收缩后的缝隙,非常难看。


6. the adhesive must comply with the provisions of din en 14259 on peel strength and shear strength, and shear strength is particularly important!

粘合剂必须符合DIN EN 14259中关于剥离强度和剪切强度的规定,剪切强度尤为重要!


7. pay attention to the adhesive's resistance to the rolling index of furniture rollers, especially in the office environment, and the rolling index of furniture rollers is extremely important.

注意粘合剂的耐受家具滚轮碾压指标,尤其办公环境,耐家具滚轮碾压指标极端重要。


8. At present, there is a product called "pressure-sensitive glue" in the market, also called "resin glue" or "film Glue", which is not an adhesive in essence, but a "temporary fixer ", can not be used for the installation of sheet floor at all.

目前市场上有一种“压敏胶”,又叫“树脂胶”或“片材胶”的产品,本质不是粘合剂,只是“临时固定剂”,完全不可以用于片材地板的安装。

The above picture shows the floor pasted with pressure-sensitive adhesive, which can be easily uncovered without peel strength and the floor is easily tilted.

上图即为压敏胶粘贴的地板,可以轻松揭开,没有剥离强度,地板极易翘边。


Floor laying:

地板铺设:


1. the sheet floor enters the construction site. under the appropriate indoor temperature conditions, each box is packed separately and placed on the ground for more than 24 hours.

片材地板进入施工现场,在合适的室内温度条件下,每一箱都拆开包装,静置在地面上24小时以上。


2. after 24 hours, according to the drawings, the glue will be laid after the bullet line. The small area room can be laid from the side of the wall, and the hall is recommended to be laid from the center of the room to the four sides or the bullet line partition.

24小时以后,依据图纸,弹线后刮胶铺设。小面积房间可以从墙边开始铺设,大厅建议从房间中央向四边铺设或者弹线分区铺设。


3. the most important thing after applying scraping adhesive is the control of time. the "drying time" and "construction time" of high-quality adhesive are shorter. if you miss the time, will cause the floor to be not firmly pasted and tilted.

涂刮粘合剂后最重要的是对时间的控制,优质粘合剂的“晾胶时间”和“可施工时间”较短,如果错过时间,将导致地板粘贴不牢固、翘边。


4. the accurate alignment of the gaps in the sheet is a craft, which cannot be expressed in words. the craft is not good, and the bullet line is not uniform.

片材的缝隙准确对齐是手艺,无法用文字表达,手艺不好,弹线也对不齐。


5. within half an hour after pasting, use 50 kilograms of roller to roll the floor to ensure that each floor is pressed vertically and horizontally. The floor must be rolled with a press roller, and it is never allowed to kick with your feet and hit with a rubber hammer. The exhaust plate is also invalid.

粘贴完毕后半小时之内,使用50公斤的压辊滚压地板,确保每一处地板都被一纵一横压一遍。必须使用压辊滚压地板,决不允许用脚踹、用橡皮锤砸。排气板推,也是无效的。


6. composite layer sheets have high requirements for Adhesives. high-quality commercial coil adhesives or water-based rubber flooring adhesives such as T200 commercial PVC flooring adhesives and T300 water-based rubber flooring adhesives must be used.

复合层片材对粘合剂要求较高,必须使用优质商用卷材粘合剂或水性橡胶地板粘合剂,如特朋的T200商用PVC地板粘合剂和T300水性橡胶地板粘合剂。


7. calcium carbonate homogeneous core-through coil has lower requirements for adhesives, such as the T150 general PVC floor adhesive of special friends.

碳酸钙同质透芯卷材对粘合剂要求较低,如特朋的T150通用PVC地板粘合剂。


8. quartz sand homogeneous core permeability coil has high requirements for Adhesives. high-quality commercial coil adhesives or water-based rubber flooring adhesives must be used.

石英砂同质透芯卷材对粘合剂要求较高,必须使用优质商用卷材粘合剂或水性橡胶地板粘合剂。


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